Initial Validation of a 33-Item Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Italian Athletes
Selenia di Fronso1, *, Claudio Robazza1, Cristina Montesano2, Maurizio Bertollo1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2021
First Page: 43
Last Page: 50
Publisher ID: TOSSJ-14-43
Article History:Received Date: 3/2/2021
Revision Received Date: 2/6/2021
Acceptance Date: 5/6/2021
Electronic publication date: 12/7/2021
Collection year: 2021
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport-36) is a self-report measure intended to monitor the recovery-stress balance in athletes. A validated Italian version of this instrument was not available so far.
The aim of this study was to provide an initial validation in Italian language of the RESTQ-Sport-36.
A sample of Italian athletes (N = 339; women = 148; men = 191) from various sports completed the RESTQ-Sport-36 and the Italian Mood Scale (ITAMS). We examined the factorial validity and the internal consistency of the RESTQ-Sport-36 and its concurrent validity with the ITAMS.
A confirmatory factor analysis supported a 12-factor structure after the removal of 3 items. Reliability analysis showed a satisfactory internal consistency of the 33-item Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport-33). Pearson correlation coefficients revealed that the RESTQ-Sport-33 and ITAMS share some common variance but measure different constructs.
Our results provided support to the factorial validity and reliability of the RESTQ-Sport-33. This instrument can be used to reliably monitor recovery-stress balance of Italian athletes throughout the season.