Disparities among Greek Army Units due to Physical Training Instructor’s Competency Influencing the Organizational Efficiency of the Army Physical Training

The Open Sports Sciences Journal 24 Jan 2014 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1875399X01407010065


There has been no systematic measurement of the parameters affecting the organization’s efficiency of the physical training of the Hellenic Army’s Physical Training (APT). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the competency of the five different types of “Physical Training (PT) Instructor” within the Hellenic Army Units Training Cycles (HAUTCs), which influences the APT program’s organizational efficiency in the Hellenic Armed (HA) forces. Two thousands eight hundred sixty four (2864) survey questionnaires (5 point Likert type scale) were selected. Participants came from a wide spectrum of Greek Permanent Army Personnel in HA. Five (5) different types of the PT Instructors were tested, measured along three (3) dimensions (a) contribution to implementation, (b) frequency of implementation and (c) effectiveness/adequacy of implementation, which evaluate their competency in performance of APT programs (15 dependent variables). ΑΝΟVA and Bonferroni post comparisons were calculated for the total of the dependent variables among the three HAUTCs (A΄, Β΄ and C΄) (3 independent variables). The probability of statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. The results showed that the “Officer” (OFC) contributes, applies and suffices the APT programs mainly in HAUTCs A΄ and B΄, whereas “Permanent Commissioned Officer” (PCOF) applies APT programs more often in HAUTC C΄. In HAUTCs B΄ and C΄ the “Physical Education Graduate” (PEG) seems more capable, efficient, and suitable when ordered to perform the PT programs. The results evaluated the duty of the PT Instructors’ competency according to HAUTCs’ requirements and introduce the necessity of its improvement in some cases.

Keywords: Army Instructor, army organization efficiency, army physical training, army units, regular army personnel, survey research.
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