Relationship Between Anthropometric Attributes and Physical Fitness Levels in Young Male Portuguese Futsal players

Nuno Casanova1, Renata Willig1, Denise Soares2, *, Priscila Marconcin1, Ana Sofia Goncalves3, Fernando Vieira1, Fabio Flores1, Joana Serpa4
1 Piaget Institute, Kinesiolab, Portugal
2 Liberal Arts Department, American University of the Middle East, Kuwait
3 Instituto Superior de Estudos Interculturais e Transdisciplinares de Almada, ISEIT, Portugal
4 KinesioLab, Research Unit in Human Movement, Instituto Piaget, Portugal

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© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

1 Address correspondence to this author at the American University of the Middle East, Liberal Arts Department, Kuwait; E-mail:



Futsal demands lower limb power, repeated sprint ability, and technical prowess. Furthermore, anthropometric characteristics have been shown to influence physical capacities and sports performance and, thus, should be assessed alongside physical fitness levels to maximize performance.


This study aimed to investigate the potential correlations between anthropometric characteristics and physical fitness levels among young Portuguese male futsal players and to compare these attributes across two distinct age groups. Twenty-one male athletes from two age groups (Under-18: N=14 - 16.1 ± 0.6 years old; Under-15: N=7 - 13.7 ± 0.6 years old) were recruited to take part in this investigation. Anthropometric characteristics [body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio] were assessed, and participants performed three performance tasks (20-meter sprint, vertical and horizontal jump).


Statistically significant differences regarding body weight (p=0.005), height (p=0.011), and hip circumference (p=0.036) were observed between age groups (Under-18 and Under-15), but no differences were found regarding performance tasks (all p≥0.736).


After analyzing the entire sample, BMI was found to be inversely correlated with horizontal (r=-0.51; p=0.03) and vertical (r=-0.64; p<0.001) jump performance, and waist-to-hip ratio was positively correlated with 20-meter sprint performance (r=0.70; p<0.001). These indicate a correlation between a higher BMI and waist-to-hip ratio with lower physical fitness levels.

Keywords: Futsal, Anthropometric characteristics, Sprinting, Jumping, Performance, Young athletes.