Prevalence and Profile of Musculoskeletal Injuries in High-Performance Professional Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Athletes
Lucas Chagas Nery1, Claudinei Chamorro Pelegrina Junior1, Bruno Tirotti Saragiotto1, Robson Dias Scoz1, 4, *, Runer Augusto Marson2, 3, José João Baltazar Mendes4, Luciano Maia Alves Ferreira4, Cesar Ferreira Amorim1, 4, 5, 6, 7
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e1875399X2212230
Publisher ID: e1875399X2212230
Article History:Received Date: 13/6/2022
Revision Received Date: 3/11/2022
Acceptance Date: 18/11/2022
Electronic publication date: 02/02/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Brazilian Jiu-jitsu (BJJ) has become popular over the past years; however, few studies investigated the prevalence of injuries in this martial art modality.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in BJJ competitors, along with their profile and characteristics.
One hundred fifteen athletes were included in this cross-sectional study. A hundred fifteen professional high-performance athletes were selected from twenty-five BJJ gyms in São Paulo, Brazil. Descriptive analyses were used to demonstrate the athlete’s characteristics. The Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test was used to assess the significant differences between the number of injuries categorized by athlete’s belt or performance level category. Additionally, Fisher’s exact test was used to assess possible differences between the belts' frequency of total injuries and injuries per affected site.
We observed an injury prevalence of 85.2%, in which the knee (32.6%), shoulder (11.2%), and elbow (8.4%) were the most affected regions. We did not find any significant differences between the number of injuries and belt classification (p=0.093) or the frequency of total injuries per anatomical region among belt classification (p=0.121). Most injuries occurred during training (74%), and the main reason for time loss from training activities was trauma (70%).
There is a high prevalence of injuries among BJJ competitors, and the most affected site was the knee.