RESEARCH ARTICLE


Developing Female Students’ Motor Skills and Improving Basketball Playing Techniques by Means of Special Exercise Machines



Oleksii Tymoshenko1, Zhanna Domina1, Tetiana Malechko1, Tatiana Nesterova1, Oksana Korkh-Cherba2, Maria Redkina2, Liudmyla Konovalska3, Tetiana Poluliashchenko4, Oleksandr Soltyk5, Iryna Shkilna6, Kostiantyn Prontenko7, Ihor Bloshchynskyi8, *
1 Department of the Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Kyiv, Ukraine
2 Department of Physical Education and Sports, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Kyiv, Ukraine
3 Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education, Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Berdyansk, Ukraine
4 Department of Sports Disciplines of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Luhansk Taras Shevchenko National University, Luhansk, Ukraine
5 Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education and Sport, Khmelnytskyi National University, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
6 Institute of Problems on Education, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
7 Department of Physical Education, Special Physical Training and Sport, S. P. Koroliov Zhytomyr Military Institute, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
8 Foreign Languages Department, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Tymoshenko et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Foreign Languages Department, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine; Tel: +38-067-727-38-45; E-mail: i.bloshch@gmail.com


Abstract

Introduction:

The article presents the technology of using technical equipment to develop the accuracy of ballistic movements, spatial-dynamic sensitivity during ballthrows and rebounds, as well as speed and strength qualities to improve jumping movements, implementation of fast breakthroughs, strong and long passes in basketball.

Methods:

The research involved 96 female students aged 17-23 years forming the experimental (EG, n = 54) and control (CG, n = 42) groups. The female students of EG played basketball in the conditions of group physical education training sessions using the exercise machines developed by us, and the female students of the CG were engaged in basketball playing according to the traditional program without the use of developed exercise machines and had an initial level of basketball technique. The EG was divided into EG1 (n = 37) and EG2 (n = 17) subgroups, which included female students having initial and high levels of basketball technique mastery, respectively. Female basketball players with an initial level of training (EG1 and СG) had experience of up to 3 years, athletes with a high level of training (EG2) - playing experience of more than 10 years. The technology of technical equipment application in basketball is built on the basis of the use of designed portable exercise machines to implement the tasks of motor and technical training of female basketball players of different levels of training.

Results

The results of the conducted experiment showed that the accuracy of throws from the average distance increased by 40.9% and 29.4% in the EG1 and EG2 female students, and it grew by 9.9% in the CG; from the long distance – by 61.5%, 37.0% and 31.3% respectively; the level of development of speed and strength qualities of female students of all groups improved i. e. the rate of growth in the results of the long jump made 9.7%, 3.2% and 6.5%, respectively; the rate of growth in the results of the high jump made 20.0%, 6.3% and 8.7%, respectively.

Conclusion:

Experimental testing of the technology of using designed exercise machines for the development of motor skills of female basketball students confirmed its effectiveness in terms of improving the spatial and dynamic accuracy of movement, speed and strength, as well as game performance of basketball players at competitions of various levels.

Keywords: Basketball, Female students, Technical equipment, Exercise machines, Accuracy of ballthrow, Speed, and strength quality.