RESEARCH ARTICLE


Acute Effects of Different Sprint Intervals on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate Variability, Lactate and Performance Responses in Physically Active Men



Leandro de Oliveira Sant'Ana*, 1, 2, 3, Fabiana Rodrigues Scartoni3, Thiago Martins da Cruz4, Aline Aparecida de Souza Ribeiro1, 2, Natália Rodrigues dos Reis1, 2, João Guilherme Vieira da Silva1, 2, Yuri de Almeida Costa Campos1, 2, Gleisson da Silva Araujo5, Estêvão Rios Monteiro5, Sérgio Machado6, 7, Antônio Paulo Castro2, Jefferson da Silva Novaes2, 5, Jeferson Macedo Vianna1, 2
1 Post-Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, , Petrópolis, MG, Brazil
2 Strength Training Studies and Research Laboratory, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
3 Laboratory of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Catholic University of Petrópolis, , Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil
4 Department of Physical Education, Estácio de Sá University, Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil.
5 Post-Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, , Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
6 Laboratory of Neuroscience of Physical Activity, Salgado de Oliveira University, , Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
7 Departament of Sports Methods and Techniques, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Sant'Ana et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Post-Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Petrópolis, MG, Brazil; Tel: 24992087699; E-mail: losantana.ufjf@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Sprint interventions can be an excellent alternative for promoting positive adaptations to health and performance.

Objectives:

To verify the responses of different intervals between sprints in blood pressure, heart rate variability, lactate, and performance responses in physically active men.

Methods:

Ten male runners participated in the present study, trained in street running with at least one year of experience and a maximum of 3 years, with training frequency of at least two times and at the most four times weekly sessions, all participants without any kind of restrictions that could hinder the interventions—performing three sprint sessions (10 x 30m all out). Participants visited the laboratory on four occasions for ten consecutive days, with an interval of 48 hours between each visit. The first visit was intended to familiarize the participants with all experimental procedures. The remaining three visits were used to carry out the experimental protocols. At each visit, resting values ​​of blood pressure (BP), heart rate variability (HRV), and lactate variables were collected. After rest collections, each participant completed the following experimental conditions: a) 10 sprint series (all-out) of 30 meters with 20 seconds of recovery (S 20), b) 10 sprint series (all-out) of 30 meters with 30 seconds of recovery (S 30) and c) 10 sprint series (all-out) of 30 meters with 40 seconds of recovery (S 40). After each protocol, the lactate values ​​were collected 2 minutes and 30 seconds after the end of the sprints; BP was collected 60 minutes after the intervention (Post-10, Post-20, Post-30, Post-40, and Post- 50). After the blood pressure (BP) data was determined, the mean arterial pressure (MBP) was calculated using the formula MBP = SBP + (DBP X 2) / 3. The HRV was collected between 50 and 60 minutes after the end of the sprint session.

Results:

The study observed significant differences in the lactate variable for the comparison in the post and pre moments for all experimental conditions (S 20, S 30, and S 40) (p<0.001). Besides, significant differences were observed in effort perception for S 20 and S 30 from the sixth sprint (p<0.05). At S 40, significant discrepancies in effort perception started from the fifth sprint (p <0.05). No other significant differences were observed for BP (systolic, diastolic and mean) for all post-pre periods. Still in BP, in a post (intra) analysis, the conditions S 20 and S 40 demonstrated greater capacity for recovery of BP, suggesting a possible greater parasympathetic capacity. For HRV and sprint performance, no difference was found (p <0.05).

Conclusion:

The present study demonstrated that different recovery intervals did not reflect significant differences in hemodynamic, autonomic, lactate responses, and active individuals' performance submitted to sprint sessions. This study applied a protocol (10 x 30 m all out) with different recovery times (20, 30, and 40 seconds), and which, given this experiment, can serve as a training strategy (for health or performance) at different levels of physical conditioning.

Keywords: Sprints, Hemodynamic function, Autonomic function, Lactate, Performance, Blood pressure.