Design and Evaluation of Tools for the Psychological Prevention of Injuries in Baseball Pitchers
Jesús Ríos Garit1, *, Yanet Pérez Surita1, Silvia Solé Cases2, César Montoya Romero3, Amanda Beatriz Reyes Rodríguez4, María del Carmen Chávez Cárdenas5, 6
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2023
E-location ID: e1875399X2304180
Publisher ID: e1875399X2304180
Article History:Received Date: 16/01/2023
Revision Received Date: 22/03/2023
Acceptance Date: 28/03/2023
Electronic publication date: 05/06/2023
Collection year: 2023
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
To determine, through the evaluation of experts, the introduction in the professional practice of tools designed for the psychological prevention of injuries in high-performance baseball pitchers in a Cuban province.
The psychological interventions for primary injury prevention contribute to the transition from the biomedical to the biopsychosocial approach in sports injury care. However, the studies carried out are very scarce, few generalizable and insufficient to facilitate the multidisciplinary work around the psychological preparation of the athlete as a method of prevention.
The objective of this study is to evaluate by experts the design of an Android application and procedure to guide the psychological prevention of injuries in high-performance baseball pitchers.
A methodological investigation was carried out to design the tools, which were evaluated by 11 experts who had a professional experience between 14 and 41 years (M=26.64; SD=11.74). Using the preference method, an ad-hoc questionnaire was applied to obtain the evaluations, being processed by empirical distribution of frequencies, descriptive statistics, Kendall´s coefficient of concordance and coefficient of variation.
The theoretical-methodological foundations of the procedure design, the definition of users, stages and functions, the coherence between tasks, techniques, instruments and means, structure and functionality, and the Android application, were highly valued.
The designed tools have a high level of adequacy, are pertinent and sufficient to contribute to the psychological prevention of injuries, so they can be introduced into the professional practice of sports psychologists, coaches, and baseball pitchers from Villa Clara. However, its application must be accompanied by a process of experimental research to determine its efficacy, effectiveness, and efficiency.