RESEARCH ARTICLE


Design and Evaluation of Tools for the Psychological Prevention of Injuries in Baseball Pitchers



Jesús Ríos Garit1, *, Yanet Pérez Surita1, Silvia Solé Cases2, César Montoya Romero3, Amanda Beatriz Reyes Rodríguez4, María del Carmen Chávez Cárdenas5, 6
1 Department of Applied Sciences and Sports, Faculty of Physical Culture, Central University Marta Abreu of Las Villas, Santa Clara, Cuba
2 Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, Biomedical Research Institute of Lleida (IRB), University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
3 Institute of Sports Medicine, Havana, Cuba
4 Department of Computing, Central University Marta Abreu of Las Villas, Santa Clara, Cuba
5 Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Computing, Central University Marta Abreu of Las Villas, Santa Clara, Cuba
6 Metropolitan University of Ecuador, Ecuador, South America


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Creative Commons License
© 2023 Garit et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Applied Sciences and Sports, Faculty of Physical Culture, Central University Marta Abreu of Las Villas, Santa Clara, Cuba; E-mail: jrgarit@uclv.cu


Abstract

Aims:

To determine, through the evaluation of experts, the introduction in the professional practice of tools designed for the psychological prevention of injuries in high-performance baseball pitchers in a Cuban province.

Background:

The psychological interventions for primary injury prevention contribute to the transition from the biomedical to the biopsychosocial approach in sports injury care. However, the studies carried out are very scarce, few generalizable and insufficient to facilitate the multidisciplinary work around the psychological preparation of the athlete as a method of prevention.

Objective:

The objective of this study is to evaluate by experts the design of an Android application and procedure to guide the psychological prevention of injuries in high-performance baseball pitchers.

Methods:

A methodological investigation was carried out to design the tools, which were evaluated by 11 experts who had a professional experience between 14 and 41 years (M=26.64; SD=11.74). Using the preference method, an ad-hoc questionnaire was applied to obtain the evaluations, being processed by empirical distribution of frequencies, descriptive statistics, Kendall´s coefficient of concordance and coefficient of variation.

Results:

The theoretical-methodological foundations of the procedure design, the definition of users, stages and functions, the coherence between tasks, techniques, instruments and means, structure and functionality, and the Android application, were highly valued.

Conclusion:

The designed tools have a high level of adequacy, are pertinent and sufficient to contribute to the psychological prevention of injuries, so they can be introduced into the professional practice of sports psychologists, coaches, and baseball pitchers from Villa Clara. However, its application must be accompanied by a process of experimental research to determine its efficacy, effectiveness, and efficiency.

Keywords: Android application, Baseball pitchers, Sports injury, Psychological prevention, Procedure, Sports psychologists.