Research on Physical Fitness Development for U10 five-a-side Football Teams

Vinh Huy Chau1, *
1 Department of Administration, Ho Chi Minh City University of Physical Education and Sport, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Vinh Huy Chau

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Administration, Ho Chi Minh City University of Physical Education and Sport, Ho Chi Minh City,Vietnam; E-mail:



Football is a team sport; players often have fierce ball disputes to limit the opponent's ability, resulting in a lot of physical consumption.


To evaluate the professional development of physical fitness for U10 five-a-side football teams, this study introduces several exercises to test and improve their physical strength.


We introduce 5 tests, including long jump on the spot, 15-meter sprint, 5x30m sprints, 5-minute running, and 1-minute rope skipping. 6 months of training was divided into 3 phases with four 90-minute training sessions/week. Phase 1 was aimed for the players to adapt to normal training, phase 2 was to develop the maximum focus speed, and phase 3 was to develop professional physical strength.


The results show that after 6 months of training, the participants’ physical achievements in all tests have witnessed growth. The growth was statistically significant because tcalculated > tstandard at the possibility P < 0.05, especially in the test of rope skipping in one minute with the highest growth rate W = 9.47%.


The results of this research can be used as a reference and scientific basis of general physical fitness development in football for kids to build training programs and improve their effectiveness.

Keywords: Physical fitness, Football, Development, Sprint, Skipping, Training programs.