Rule Changes in Water Polo – History, FINA 2018 New Rules, and Literature Review

The Open Sports Sciences Journal 17 Nov 2021 DOI: 10.2174/1875399X02114010082


Water polo has recently encountered extensive challenges, including possible banishment from the Olympics. To meet the challenges, major rule changes have been implemented. This perspective is to provide a literature review of the impact of rule changes on water polo gameplay. An emerging and relatively small body of research has demonstrated significantly enhanced game dynamics and outcomes as intended by recent rule changes. The water polo community needs more analytical research on the impact of the latest rule changes approved in 2018.

Keywords: Water polo, Rule changes, Impact, Gameplay, Performance, FINA.
Fulltext HTML PDF ePub