Arthroscopic Standard Anterior and Posteromedial Portal Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Remnant Preservation: 2-Year Follow-up
Sholahuddin Rhatomy1, 2, *, Erwin Saspraditya3, Riky Setyawan2, 3
Grade 3 Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) injury needs surgical intervention, but there is no consensus on the optimal technique in PCL reconstruction. The old technique always removes the remnant for good visualization of tunnel replacement. Recently, many studies proposed the concept of the preservation of PCL remnant with achieving good visualization. The aim of the study is to evaluate PCL reconstruction with remnant preservation using the standard anterior and posteromedial portal at 2-years follow-up.
We conducted a cohort retrospective study between January 2013 to December 2015. In this study, 25 patients underwent PCL reconstruction using standard anterior and posteromedial portal with remnant preservation. We used quadrupled hamstring autograft. The patients were assessed using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm knee score, Modified Cincinnati Score, and Knee Society Score (KSS) at pre-operative and 2-years post-operative. Range of Motion (ROM) and complication were evaluated post-operatively.
The mean diameter of the quadruple hamstring graft was 8 mm. Clinical outcomes enhanced significantly (p<0.05). The average Lysholm activity scale improved from 65.12 ± 10.48 to 94.96 ± 4.80. The International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score improved from 60.50 ± 15.10 to 95.60 ± 3.44. The Modified Cincinnati Score improved from 62. 28 ± 13.6 to 96,04 ± 1.62. The KSS also improved from 60.12 ± 18.01 to 94.88 ± 6.36. 22 patients had 0-135° full ROM and 3 patients had 0-110° ROM. Two patients had surgical site infection but recovered with local debridement.
PCL reconstruction using standard anterior and posteromedial portal with remnant preservation at 2 years follow up resulted in satisfactory clinical and functional outcomes.
* Address correspondence to this author at the Sport and Adult Reconstruction Division, Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Soeradji Tirtonegoro Hospital, Indonesia; Tel: +62272-321163; Fax: +62272-321104;